Greece has a Mediterranean climate, which means mild and rainy winters, relatively warm and dry summers and many hours of sunshine during the year. The coldest months are January and February and the warmest period is during the months July and August.
The climate in Greece is changing. It has been proven that since the end of 1990s the temperature of Greece has been increasing, especially during the summer months.
Furthermore, there has been a decrease in annual and seasonal precipitation, . Summer rainfalls have increased, there is adecreasing trend for winter and annual rainfalls.
The main reasons for climate change in Greece are the increase of world population, economic trends, transport, energy, agricultural demand and household consumption.
Energy consumption in Greece has increased by 57.2 % between 1990 and 2007. Although fossil fuels continue to dominate total energy consumption, the use of renewable energy sources and natural gas grews between 2000 and 2007.
In 1995, 2005 and 2007, Greece published the National Climate Change Programme, which targets reductions in greenhouse gas emissions, improving energy efficiency, changes in transportation and agriculture, improving waste management and expanding research and development efforts.